Anaesthesia: Before the surgery, anaesthesia is administered to ensure the patient’s comfort. It can be either local anaesthesia or regional anaesthesia.
Incision and arthroscope insertion: The surgeon makes small incisions around the knee joint and inserts the arthroscope. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to see the structures inside the knee on a monitor.
Evaluation and meniscal trimming: The surgeon carefully examines the torn meniscus and determines the appropriate course of action. If the meniscus is irreparable or a portion of it is causing symptoms, the surgeon uses specialised instruments to trim or remove the damaged portion. The goal is to remove the torn fragments while preserving as much healthy meniscal tissue as possible.
Closure and recovery: After completing the meniscal trimming, the instruments and arthroscope are removed, and the incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips. Sterile dressings or bandages are applied to the incision sites. The patient is typically monitored for a short period before being discharged, and post-operative instructions for pain management, rehabilitation exercises, and recovery are provided.
The recovery time following arthroscopic meniscal trimming varies depending on the individual and the extent of the procedure. Physical therapy may be prescribed to help regain strength, flexibility, and function in the knee. Most individuals can gradually return to normal activities within a few weeks, but the specific timeline will be determined by the surgeon based on the patient’s progress.