Anesthesia: Before the surgery, anaesthesia is administered to ensure the patient’s comfort. It can be either local anaesthesia or regional anaesthesia.
Incision and arthroscope insertion: The surgeon makes small incisions around the knee joint and inserts the arthroscope. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to see the structures inside the knee on a monitor.
Evaluation and meniscal repair: The surgeon assesses the torn meniscus and determines if a repair is feasible based on several factors, including the location, size, and pattern of the tear. If repair is deemed appropriate, the torn edges of the meniscus are carefully repositioned and secured using various techniques, such as sutures, anchors, or other devices. The goal is to facilitate healing and restore the meniscus to its normal function.
Closure and recovery: After completing the meniscal repair, the instruments and arthroscope are removed, and the incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips. Sterile dressings or bandages are applied to the incision sites. The patient is typically monitored for a short period before being discharged, and post-operative instructions for pain management, rehabilitation exercises, and recovery are provided.
The recovery time following arthroscopic meniscal repair can vary depending on the individual, the extent of the procedure, and the specific characteristics of the tear. Rehabilitation is a crucial part of the recovery process, and physical therapy exercises are often prescribed to aid in regaining strength, stability, and full range of motion in the knee. It’s important to follow the surgeon’s instructions for rehabilitation and activity limitations during the recovery period. You will be provided with a knee brace that limits the range of movement and provides support to promote satisfactory healing of the repaired meniscus.